5 Open-source test automation frameworks
As we enter the last quarter of 2020, Technosoft Academy’s group chose to gather together the best open-source test automation frameworks out there, to assist you with picking the correct one for you!
Here are the upsides and downsides of 5 diverse open-source test automation frameworks.
1. Robot Framework
Robot Framework (RF) is a test automation system for acknowledgment testing and acknowledgment test-driven turn of events (ATDD). This system is written in Python, however can likewise run on Jython (Java) and IronPython (.NET), and subsequently is cross-platform (Windows, Linux, or MacOS).
· It disentangles the test automation measure by using the keyword-driven testing (KDT) approach, which assists testers with making intelligible tests that are handily made.
· It is simple to utilize test data grammar.
· Has a rich ecosystem around it comprising of different nonexclusive test libraries and devices that are created as discrete undertakings.
· Has numerous APIs that make it profoundly extensible.
Despite the fact that it is anything but an implicit capacity, RF empowers to execute parallel tests through pabot library or Selenium Grid.
· It is difficult to redo HTML reports.
Main concern: This cross-platform system is strongly suggested on the off chance that you are focusing for KDT automation with a wide scope of libraries and augmentations. On the off chance that you need to add new keywords (through RF test library APIs), an essential information in Java/Python/C programming language is required.
JUnit is a system for unit testing of Java applications, used to compose and run repeatable tests.
· Tests are written in ethical Java which is known as the main programming language around the world.
· Supports test-driven turn of events (TDD).
· Empowers you to make your own unit test case suite.
· Coordinates very well with different instruments (for instance, Maven) and with IDEs (for instance, IntelliJ).
· Has history — so it has an enormous user base that makes it simple to discover documentation on it.
· In the event that a deriding capacity is required, one necessities to add Mockito (or some other taunting library).
· Tests are not meaningful by non-technical individuals, since for instance the techniques names in JUnit are compelled by Java shows.
Main concern: If you’re hoping to compose unit testing for your Java application, it’s presumably the most ideal decision. Be that as it may, for functional testing or non-Java applications, you ought to think about different arrangements.
Spock is a testing and particular structure for Java and Groovy applications. It depends on JUnit.
· Makes discernible tests and supports plain English sentences, making it simple to peruse.
· Gives the encompassing setting, so it effectively empowers you to see how to fix a disappointment.
· Has implicit ridiculing and hitting abilities.
· Supports data-driven-tests (DDT).
· Requires an essential information on the Groovy programming language.
Primary concern: If your application depends on JVM and you are focusing for BDD test automation with DSL, this structure is only for you!
NUnit is a unit testing structure for every .Net language. Initially roused by Junit, it is composed totally in C#, and has been totally overhauled to exploit many .NET language highlights.
· Snappy commencement and test execution.
· Accompanies affirmations and comments.
· Empowers parallel testing.
· Supports test-driven turn of events (TDD).
· It isn’t cross-platform as it is utilized distinctly for .Net dialects.
· It doesn’t incorporate into the Visual Studio ecosystem, so utilizing it implies more support.
Main concern: A decent open-source system for C# unit testing, with a long history and great standing. Be that as it may, on the off chance that you’re as of now utilizing .NET dialects, you may think about MSTest.
TestNG is a test automation structure for Java that is roused by JUnit and NUnit, however incorporates improved and new functionalities (NG — Next Generation). It is intended to cover all the test automation classifications: unit testing, functional test, start to finish, joining testing, and so on
· It is effectively incorporated into the Maven cycle.
· Enables the designer to compose adaptable and amazing tests.
· Supports Data Driven testing (DDT).
· Comments are straightforward.
· Test cases can be gathered without any problem.
· Permits you to make parallel tests.
· Just backings Java, so you have to have in any event an essential information on the Java programming language.
· You need to put time in structure arrangement and plan.
Main concern: If you use Java, are searching for start to finish test automation system and ready to put some time in structure arrangement — you should think about utilizing TestNG.